1. Pregnancy calories intake considerations
Additionally, these days, statistics show that at least 15-20% of women who become pregnant are either obese or overweight. Being overweight or obese carries extra risks during pregnancy, such as pre-eclampsia, blood clots, stillbirths or miscarriages. So if this may be case for you, it will be extra important to understand how to approach pregnancy nutrition and calorie intake. With the advice of your medical team, you can change your dietary habits during pregnancy.
Along with understanding nutrition and calorie intake, some moderate exercise will also help you to have a healthy pregnancy.
2. Why calorie intake in pregnancy is important?
However the phrase “eating for two” needs to be qualified. In one sense of course you are eating for two, that is assuming you’re not carrying multiples, but of course one of these two is a far tinier developing human being that you are. During the first trimester the developing fetus is the size of a pea or even smaller.
3. Pregnancy calorie intake by trimester
If you are overweight or obese please read the article: Obesity And Pregnancy-Preparing For Pregnancy
During the first trimester, the most important thing you can focus on is fully understanding and choosing the most balanced, nutritious foods. You don’t require extra calories during this time, so it is the perfect time to create superb eating habits, that you can have confidence are giving baby all the nutrients she needs.
During the second trimester, you will need to increase your calorie intake by between 300 to 350 calories per day. Make sure these extra calories are based on these pregnancy nutrition guidelines and good habits that you have practised during the first trimester.
For the final trimester, you will need to eat an extra 500 calories per day.
4. Special considerations
Teenage pregnancy calorie intake
In the case of a teenage pregnancy, current nutritional habits which are connected to the context of the teenager’s peer group and family diet context, need to be taken into account. Additionally the gynaecological age of the girl is very important.
We have written a special article for your reference, you can read it: Teenage pregnancy nutrition-nutritional needs for the adolescent Mum-to-be
The majority of practitioners recommend eating an extra 300 calories per day per extra fetus. However be sure to confirm your specific situation with your own medical team.
Underweight or overweight
If you were either underweight or overweight when you became pregnant, it will be important for you to pay extra attention to your overall nutrition and calorific intake during pregnancy. Be sure to get specific advice from your own medical team.
Click on Nutrition in Pregnancy to see our range of articles.
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Consultant Led, Centre of Medical Excellence
All articles on the blog and website are intended as information only. Please do not consider any of the information provided here as a substitute for medical advice. At all times seek medical advice directly with your own doctor and medical team.
This website was formerly Merrion Fetal Health. The clinic has undergone a rebrand and is now known as Merrion Ultrasound.