637 4060 ADDRESS: 60 Mount Street Lower, Grand Canal Dock, Dublin 2 info@merrionultrasound.ie

What is a caesarean section and what to expect

Medically checked by Sarah Madden, Midwife Manager (31.08.2023)

A caesarean section is a procedure that is carried out so that a baby can be born without needing to go through the birth canal. In some instances a caesarean section ​may be elective, which means it has been planned after you’ve discussed it with your doctor, but in other cases, it may be an emergency operation, and therefore unplanned.

A caesarean section​ is major surgery.

Medically a caesarean section​ is categorised as major surgery​. This means that it will only be offered to you as an option when your obstetrician considers that there is an actual clinical need. This is an elective caesarean section chosen after a discussion with your obstetrician.

Your baby will be born via an opening/incision under your bikini line. A student midwife or midwife will accompany you the theatre and will be present there. They will be able to take care of your baby after their birth.

According to the World Health Organisation

Caesarean sections are absolutely critical to save lives in situations where vaginal deliveries would pose risks, so all health systems must ensure timely access for all women when needed,” said Dr Ian Askew, Director of WHO’s Department of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Research and the UN joint programme, HRP . “But not all the caesarean sections carried out at the moment are needed for medical reasons.  Unnecessary surgical procedures can be harmful both for a woman and her baby.”

Caesarean Section FAQs

What type of medication will I be given for the caesarean section?

When possible a caesarean section is performed after administering either a spinal anaesthetic or an epidural.

An epidural is a local anaesthestic that is injected into your back to prevent your feeling pain in that area of your body when an injection in the back to stop you feeling pain in a part of your body.

A spinal anaesthestic is similar to an epidural however the medication is injected into the fluids that surround your lower spinal cord.

With either of these injections, you won’t experience pain but you will feel tugging until you give birth. The procedure takes from 30 to 40 minutes, and baby is most often born within the first ten minutes. There is a curtain present to ensure that neither you or your partner can see the procedure being carried out.

A general anaesthetic – which is the medication that puts you to sleep for the duration of a procedure – is only used when absolutely necessary. So this is more likely to happen in an emergency caesarean section.

Can my birth partner be present during a caesarean section?

Whether your birth partner can be present during a caesarean section depends on a variety of factors. Firstly if the surgery is elective or unplanned. Even when it is elective both the anaesthetist and obstetrician need to agree that it is okay for your partner to be present.

When it isn’t suitable for your partner to be present, your midwife will be with you. Your partner will be allowed to see your baby as soon as it is safe after the birth.

What happens when my baby is born?

After a caesarean section, assuming both your baby and you are well, your baby will be put directly onto your chest in order to have skin to skin contact as soon as possible. If you are not well enough, your baby will be given to your partner to hold for skin to skin contact.

What kind of diet should I have after a caesarean section?

After a caesarean section, once you’re fully awake, the nurses will offer you sips of water. Then about four hours after the procedure, you will be able to have tea and toast, or coffee if you prefer. If all is going well then the intravenous fluids will be stopped at this stage.

Over the next day or two, you will have light meals. This is to give your bowel a chance to start working normally again, which it does by having a bowel movement or passing wind. You will need to drink plenty of water to prevent either constipation or dehydration. The catering team will offer you a daily choice of menu.

How should I take care of the incision wound after a caesarean section?

After 24 hours, the dressing on your wound will be removed. At this stage you will be able to have a shower. Afterwards be sure not to rub the wound, pat it dry gently. Of course, the wound needs to be kept both dry and clean.

Your midwife will check it each day. The stitches may be dissolvable or if they are beads or clips, most often they are removed after 4 to 5 days. Sometimes it may be necessary to leave them in for an extra couple of days.

You will need to wear panties that come up over the site of the wound, so as not to cause friction where the wound is. After the caesarean, the physiotherapist also comes to see you to talk to you about postnatal exercises.

How can I take care of my baby after a caesarean section?

Your baby will be at your bedside afterwards unless they need to be admitted to the neonatal unit. The team are there to help you and to make you feel a bit more confident each day in caring for your baby. If you are breastfeeding then your midwife will help you by showing you positions that will not be painful for your wound.

How to prepare for hospital discharge after a caesarean section?

Most women do feel tired after a caesarean section, so you are not alone. Once you are informed about your discharge, let your partner know so that he can bring in clothes for both you and baby, and of course the car seat for the journey home. If possible try to feed baby a short while before you are discharged.

When you are back home be sure to rest as much as possible and accept help in the house and in caring for baby, from family and friends. Don’t drive or lift heavy objects until around two months after the operation.


Nuchal Translucency

12-14 weeks


Anatomy Survey

21-22 weeks


Later Dating

10-17 weeks


Gender Scan

19 weeks onwards


Growth & Well Being

22 weeks onwards


Post Dates & Liquor

40 weeks onwards


What Our Patients Say

Gráinne Macken

This is my second visit to Merrion Fetal, I was very pleased on both occasions. Lovely quiet waiting room, appointment was on time. The 20-week scan is very detailed we enjoyed watching our baby on the large TV screen. We got some beautiful photos. The nurse was very pleasant and talked us through all the measurements and anatomy. I would highly recommend this scanning clinic.”

Áine Gibney

I had the best experience at the Merrion Fetal Health clinic for my 20-week big scan. The staff were so friendly and so nice and the lovely lady who did my ultrasound scan was amazing. She was so thoroughgoing to absolutely everything and gave me such reassurance on how my baby was growing and developing. I would recommend any Mother to be to attend here if you are looking for a comfortable, reassuring and super pleasant experience.”

Linda O'Sullivan

Highly recommend! We had an early scan due to a little scare at the start of pregnancy and then another at 12 weeks to make sure all was good again. Helen who was scanning on both days was fantastic. We felt totally relaxed and un-rushed while she took her time finding the best angle of baby to get us the clearest pictures as keepsakes all while making sure everything was perfect with baby. She reassured us throughout and I can honestly say it was the best money we ever spent getting both scans done.

Please let Helen know we are 18 weeks now and flying along Highly recommend!



About The Clinic

Merrion Fetal Health Pregnancy Scans Dublin 2

About The Consultants

Dr. Rhona Mahony

About The Team

Pregnancy scans lead sonographer at Merrion Fetal Health

Book Your Scan

Screen of Pregnancy Scan

Common Concerns

FAQs - Your Questions


GP Referral Scheme


Health Conditions


Healthy Pregnancy


Medical Studies


Patients' Information


Pregnancy Diary


Pregnancy Magazines

pregnancy health magazines

Scans & Services

18 weeks pregnancy scan facial profile Merrion Fetal Health

Susan's Trimesters

pregnancy trimesters

Videos By Consultants


Midwife sonographer facilitated

Consultant Led, Centre of Medical Excellence 


All articles on the blog and website are intended as information only. Please do not consider any of the information provided here as a substitute for medical advice. At all times seek medical advice directly with your own doctor and medical team.


This website was formerly Merrion Fetal Health. The clinic has undergone a rebrand and is now known as Merrion Ultrasound.